Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the most common cause of dizziness and vertigo. The condition is characterized by brief episodes of dizziness, nausea, and/or nystagmus triggered by head movement. Over 7 percent of the population will experience BPPV at some point in their lifetime and 80 percent of those patients will require medical treatment. Chiropractors are uniquely suited to differentiate BPPV from the similar-looking cervicogenic vertigo. Both conditions are very amenable to treatment; however, each is managed quite differently. Successful outcomes are predicated upon a solid understanding of both.