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Collaboration for Low Back Pain Treatment in Older Adults

Part of the Evidence in Action series by the Palmer Center for Chiropractic Research

The inclusion of chiropractic practitioners into various collaborative health systems has increased over the past decade. The addition of chiropractic within these multi-disciplinary settings has been embraced by many as a way to manage spinal conditions, such as back and neck pain, using noninvasive therapies. However, taking a patient-centered approach to such integration involving various health care practitioners leads to new questions and challenges and requires novel research to optimize patient outcomes in these settings.

Author: Zac Shannon
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Research Review: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Chiropractic Care and Cervical Artery Dissection: No Evidence for Causation

Based on case reports/series and case-control studies, an association between chiropractic neck manipulation (CM) and cervical artery dissection (CAD) has been proposed. However, questions remain as to whether CM is actually a cause of CAD, or if the relationship is the result of other extraneous factors. The purpose of this study was to examine the strength of evidence about whether CM causes CAD by performing a systematic review, meta-analysis and evaluation of the body of evidence as a whole.

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Case Report: A Severe Strain/Sprain and Segmental Dysfunction of the Cervical Spine

*Member-Exclusive Content* This is a case study of a patient with severe cervical sprain/strain and segmental dysfunction following trauma of the cervical and thoracic spine with predisposing multiple levels of disc degeneration and herniation. A 46-year-old male presented himself for examination and treatment. He relayed that the weekend before he had been playing with his nephews in the swimming pool, where they were standing on his shoulders and jumping off into the pool. One of the boys slipped and fell on his head, where he reported that he heard several cracking noises and immediately felt pain in his neck. He had severe muscle spasms from the back of his head down to the middle of his shoulder blades. He could not turn his head to the left, right, nor up or down. He reported the pain worsened upon standing and eating.

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Author: James Cox
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Research Review: Clinical Practice Guideline: Chiropractic Care for Low Back Pain

It is now well known that low back pain (LBP) is the leading cause of disability worldwide and that chiropractors can play a pivotal role in the management of this condition. However, the chiropractic profession can achieve wider acceptance and improved cultural authority, particularly within integrated health care delivery systems, by embracing and integrating current scientific research into our approach to evidence-based health care. It is in this context that this Clinical Practice Guideline (CPG) was developed. The aim of this systematic review was to update and combine three previously published clinical guidelines, while answering this question: “What is the effectiveness of chiropractic care, including spinal manipulation (SMT), for nonspecific low back pain?” 

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Article rating: 5.0

Does Spinal Manipulation Affect Central Nervous System Pain Mechanisms?

Part of the Evidence in Action series by the Palmer Center for Chiropractic Research

Clinical guidelines for adults with acute, subacute, and chronic low back pain support conservative management with spinal manipulative therapy (SMT). Research shows SMT is comparable to other noninvasive treatments in reducing low back pain and disability with relatively low risk for adverse events. However, the mechanisms leading to pain relief from SMT are poorly understood. Identifying therapeutic mechanisms of SMT can inform treatment strategies and lead to more effective care. 

Author: Zac Shannon
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Research Review: Best Practices for Chiropractic Care of Children

Integrating high-quality evidence into our clinical acumen is a crucial aspect of the evolution of the chiropractic profession. However, we must also continue to respect and include expert consensus, based on years of clinical experience. Papers like this help us achieve this valuable combination! Dr. Cheryl Hawk and colleagues give us a great overview of the literature pertaining to chiropractic care for children, incorporating evidence and consensus-based advice you can apply in your practice…enjoy! -- Shawn Thistle, DC, RRS Education 

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Q&A with NCLC 2018 Presenters: Dr. Jay Greenstein

Presentation Reviews the Relevance of Clinical Practice Guidelines to Better Patient Care and Proper Reimbursement

ACA’s annual meeting, the National Chiropractic Leadership Conference (NCLC), is packed with great educational content and world-class presenters. Join us Feb. 28-March 3 in Washington, D.C., to hear from some of the profession’s most compelling thought leaders. Here we pose several questions to one of our featured speakers: Jay Greenstein, DC. Dr. Greenstein will be speaking about the relevance of clinical practice guidelines.   

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10 Changes for the Better in Chiropractic History

Driven by rising health care costs, the constant barrage of new research knowledge and the increasing integration of technology, the way in which all health care providers take care of patients in this country--in this world--is changing rapidly. This evolving health care environment means that, while we remain steadfast at the core of who we are and what we do stand for as a chiropractic profession, expectations regarding some of the ways in which we practice are beginning to change.

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Case Report: Treatment of Adjacent Segment Disease Related to a C5-C6 Block Vertebra (Klippel-Feil Disease)

The purpose of this case report is to demonstrate the positive outcome of utilizing flexion distraction and decompression spinal manipulation for the treatment of adjacent segment disease related to a C5-C6 block vertebra (Klippel-Feil Disease). 


Author: James Cox
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Article rating: 5.0

Research Review: Biological Mechanisms May Provide Insight into Effectiveness of Spinal Manipulation

One of the most complex and misinterpreted lines of research in chiropractic and manual medicine is the immuno-physiological-endocrine (I made up that term, but you know what I mean!) effects of spinal manipulation and other manual interventions.  The research group out of the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College (CMCC) in Toronto, Canada has done the bulk of the work in this area.  This Research Review discusses their latest publication, which had some very interesting results...enjoy!
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